加入收藏 | 設為首頁 | 會員中心 | 我要投稿 | RSS
您當前的位置:首页 > 英國音樂 > 女歌手

第十七節:定語從句(三)

時間:2012-02-17 13:29:00  來源:博客  作者:
  ▲ 聯系代詞whose的用法

  whose

  ● 這就是那個男孩,他的父親是個飛行員。

  定語從句

  This is the boy whose father is a pilot.

  先行詞 聯系代詞在從句中做father的定語=the boy’s

  whose

  ● 你熟悉那個女孩嗎?她的父親是我們的教師。

  定語從句

  Do you know the girl whose father is our teacher?

  先行詞 聯系代詞在從句中做father的定語=the girl’s

  ▲ 介詞后的聯系代詞

  有時聯系代詞在從句中不是做動詞的賓語而是做介詞的賓語。在這種狀況下,一般有幾種表達方式。

  ● 我熟悉你們議論的那團體。

  定語從句

  I know the man whom(who/that) you are talking about.

  先行詞 聯系代詞在從句中做介詞about的賓語

  注:聯系代詞做介詞about的賓語,about被保存在句尾時,聯系代詞可以用whom who或that,可以省略。我們也可以將about放在聯系代詞whom之前。

  定語從句

  ● I know the man about whom you are talking.

  先行詞 聯系代詞在從句中做介詞about的賓語

  注:當about放在whom之前時,whom不能被省略,也不能用who或that替代whom.請看例句:

  這就是你正在找的女孩嗎?

  Is this the girl who(whom/that)you are looking for?

  Is this the girl for whom you are looking?

  你放書的書架塌了。

  定語從句

  The shelf which(that)you put those books on has collapsed.

  先行詞 聯系代詞在從句中做介詞on的賓語

  The shelf on which you put those books has collapsed.

  閱讀與觀賞

  ●Music is the only language in which you cannot say a mean(卑劣) or

  sarcastic(挖苦) thing. --John Erskine, American educator

  音樂是獨一不能用來表達卑劣的或挖苦的事物的言語。

  ----------美國教育家 厄斯金 . J.

  ●A man can succeed at almost anything for which he has unlimited

  enthusiasm. ------C. M. Schwab, American businessman

  不管何事,只需對它有無窮的熱誠你就能取得成功。

  -----------美國實業家 施瓦布 .C.M.

  ▲ 必需運用聯系代詞that的幾種狀況

  1、 先行詞被描述詞最初級修飾。

  ● This is the worst book that I have read.

  ● He is the tallest man that I know.

  2、 先行詞是all, everything, nothing, something等不定代詞

  ● He told me all that he knew.

  3、 領先行詞被only, any, no, very, little或序數詞修飾時。

  ● That is the only way that leads into the mountain.

  ● Who is the first student that came here?

  注:下面3種狀況不能運用who, whom, which等聯系代詞。

  當that在從句中做賓語時,可以省略。

  課堂練習

  漢譯英

  1.你 熟悉 那個今天在會上講話的 人嗎?

  主 謂 定語從句 賓

  Do you know the man who spoke at the meeting yesterday?

  2. 我 不喜愛 我父親寫的那本書。

  主 謂 定語從句 賓

  I don’t like the book which was written by my father.

  3.誰 是 在教室里常常說話的 那個女孩?

  主 系 定語從句 表語

  Who is the girl that often speaks in class?

  4.我 要看 你上周看的 那部電影

  主 謂 定語從句 賓

  I will see the film which you saw last week.

  5.你 熟悉 警-察抓走的那團體嗎?

  主 謂 定語從句 賓

  Do you know the man whom the police arrested?

  6.他就是那團體,他的狗咬了我。

  He is a man whose dog bit me.

  7.我想要那本字典,它的皮是紅的。

  I want that dictionary whose cover is red.

  8.哪個是你不清楚的單詞?

  What’s the word that you don’t understand?

  英譯漢

  *He who has many friends has no friends.

  (誰有好多冤家,就沒有冤家了。)

  冤家多即是沒有冤家。

  *He who would hang himself is sure to find a rope.

  (要想上吊的人,一定會找到繩索)

  要想上吊,一定會找到繩索。

  *Write down the advice of him who loves you, though you like it not at present.

  (記下愛你人的警告,雖然你如今不喜愛。)

  愛你的人的警告,即便你事先不喜愛,也要把它記上去。

  *He who loses wealth loses much; he who loses a friend lose more; but he who loses courage(勇氣) loses all.

  (取得財富的人,取得很多;取得冤家的人,取得更多;但是取得勇氣的人,就全取得了。)

  喪失財富者喪失很大;喪失冤家者喪失更多;喪失勇氣者喪失一切。

  The people who lived in Rome 2,000 years ago were already complaining about the noise in their city.

  兩千年前生活在羅馬的人,曾經在埋怨他們鄉村里的樂音。

  Hundreds of years ago, Americans spoke the same kind of English that the British spoke. When they put words on paper, they used the same vocabulary and spelling. It is true that American English and British English grew from the same roots, but gradually the language came to be somewhat different.

  幾百年前,美國人說著和英國人一樣的英語。他們書寫時運用異樣的詞匯和拼寫。的確,美國英語和英國英語本是同根同源,但逐步演化,兩種英語就有些不同了。

  次要提-示

  把握定語從句的關鍵在于可以辨認中文中的定語,一般定語前面都有“的”,假如該定語用描述詞或介詞不能表達,則用定語從句,定語從句不過是一個跟在名詞前面的主謂賓、主系表而已。特地留意連詞的運用。英語中一切的連詞都應置于從句的句首。

  閱讀與觀賞

  留意聯系代詞的用法

  ●The family you came from isn't as important as the family you are going

  to have. -------------D. Herbert Lawrence, British writer

  你將具有的家庭比你出身的那個家庭次要。 -英國作家 勞倫斯 . D. H.

  ●The man who has made up his mind to win will never say "impossible".

  ---------Bonapart Napoleon, French emperor

  但凡決計取得成功的人是歷來不說“不能夠的”。-法國天子 拿破侖

  ●The people who get on in this world are the people who get up and look

  for circumstances they want, and if they cannot find them, they make them.

  ----------------George Bernard Shaw, British dramatist

  在這個世界上,取得成功的人是那些尋覓他們想要時機的人,假如找不到時機,他們就去發明時機。 ---------英國劇作家 肖伯納 .G.

  ● People who cannot find time for recreation are obliged sooner or later to

  find time for illness. ------John Wanamaker, American merchant

  騰不出工夫文娛的人,早晚會自愿騰出工夫生病。

  --------美國商人 沃納梅克 . J.

  ● He who will not reason, is a bigot; he who cannot is a fool; and he who

   dares not is a slave. ------William Drummond. British engineer

  不愿說理的人是頑固分子;不會說理的人是傻瓜;不敢說理的人是奴隸。

  --------英國工程師 德拉蒙德 . W.

  ●Happiness is not something you experience; it's something you

  remember. --------------O. Levant, American pianist

  幸運不是你閱歷的事,而是你記得的事。-美國鋼琴家 利萬特 . O.

  ● Hope is itself a species of happiness, and perhaps the chief happiness

  which this world affords. -----Samuel Johnson, British writer

  期望自身是一種幸運,或許是這個世界能提供的次要的幸運。

  ----------英國作家 約翰遜 . S.

  ●The supreme happiness of life is the conviction that we are loved.

  ----------Vitor Hugo, French novelist

  生活中最大的幸運是深信有人愛我們。 ---法國小說家 雨果 . V.

  ●Beauty in things exists in the mind which contemplates them.

  -------------D. Hume, British philosopher

  事物的美具有于細心察看者的心目中。 ---英國哲學家 休謨 . D.

  ●The years teach much which the days never know.

  --------Ralph Waldo Emerson, American thinker

  學問積年而成,而逐日不自知。 ---美國思想家 愛默生 . R. W.

  ● Learning teaches more in one year that experience in twenty.

  ----------ROGER ASCHAM

  進修一年所失掉的東西要比閱歷二十年所失掉的還要多。

  ● Never pay attention to what critics say. Remember, a statue has never

  been set up in honor of a critic. -------JEAN SIBELIU

  永久不要在乎評論家說什么。記住:世上沒有任何一尊雕像是為評論家

  建立的。

  ● A critic is a man who knows the way but can’t drive the car.

  ---------KENNETH TYNAN

  評論家就是那種熟悉路但不會開車的人。

  ● Everyone is a moon, and has a dark side which he never shows to

  anybody. ------------MARK TWAIN 每團體都是一個月亮,有其從不示人的暗淡面。 Money Refunded (退款)

  A couple took their three-month-old son to the movies with them. On the way, the usher(款待員) said they’d have to leave if the baby cried.

  “But we’ll refund you money,” he added.

  After watching the movie for a half-hour, the husband turned to his wife. “Well, what do you think?” he asked.

  “It’s the worst thing I’ve ever seen!” the wife replied.

  “Me, too,” he agreed. “Shake little Tom.”

  Jack club

  Edison And Einstein

  Edison was complaining(埋怨)to Einstein that he could not find a suitable assistant. “Every day many youths come to see me, but not one of them suits me,” he told Einstein.

  “But how do you decide who is suitable, who is not?” asked Einstein. Edison handed him a sheet of paper with a lot of questions on it. “Anyone who can answer these questions can become my assistant.”

  Einstein read the first question: “How many miles is it from New York to Chicago?” “One can find the answer to this question in the railway guidebook,” he said to Edison. He read the second of the questions: “What is rustles steel(不銹鋼)made of?” “The answer to that one can be found in a Metallography Manual(金屬手冊)”, he said.

  Einstein thus answered all the questions. Then he said humorously(詼諧地): “I won’t wait for you to reject(回絕)me, I’ll announce my self that I haven’t been chosen.”

  (這段故事闡明把握取得學問的辦法比把握學問自身更次要) 練 習

  一、 剖析下列句子,留意聯系代詞的用法,指出哪些聯系代詞可以交換,哪些可以省略,并譯成漢語。(帶星號的是諺語)

  1. *He who has many friends has no friends.

  2. *He who would hang himself is sure to find a rope.

  3. *Write down the advice of him who loves you, though you like it not at present.

  4. *A wise man thinks all that he says; a fool says all that he thinks.

  5. *He that hunts two hares at once will catch neither.

  6. *He who loses wealth loses much; he who loses a friend loses more; but he who loses courage(勇氣) loses all.

  7. I’m talking about the dog that is running after the cat that is running after the rat that is eating the cheese. Now you know which dog I mean.

  8. A woman who has completed the course has acquired(取得)an education that will not only allow her to perform her stewardess duties well; it will also enrich(豐厚)her whole life.

  二、將下列定語從句中的介詞放在聯系代詞之前,假如需求的話,對句子做必要的修正。

  1. He is the man who we have heard so much about.

  2. This is the road we came by.

  3. Where is the pencil that you were playing with?

  4. This is the hotel that we stayed in last summer.

  5. This is the pen I wrote the letter with.

  6. I shall never forget the day we won the game on.

  7. Is this the book that you asked for?

  三、用聯系代詞填空。

  1. All glitters are not gold.

  2. The skirt Mary bought two years ago is now out-of-date.

  3. The writer works I like most is Lu Xun.

  4. There was little the doctor could do for the patient.

  5. Is there anything I can do for you?

  6. This is the best film I have ever seen.

  7. The day she arrived on was Thursday.

  8. This is the page on you can find the answer.

  9. I don’t know the pilot for you are looking.

  10. The plane by we came from America was, Boeing 747.

  四、漢譯英。

  1、 叫到名字的男孩站起來。

  2、 我喜愛面朝大海的房間。

  3、 你見過那個孩子了嗎?我們今天議論過他的作文(composition)。

  4、 方才和你說話的姑娘多大了?

  5、 航空公-司是提供(offer)兩點之間或兩點以上航空運輸的公-司。

  6、 你方才看見的那個飛機叫波音747。

  7、 旅客效勞代-理(the customer service representative)告訴乘務長曾經辦完交運手續的旅客數目(number)。

  

  

   網頁設計
來頂一下
返回首頁
返回首頁
發表評論 共有條評論
用戶名: 密碼:
驗證碼: 匿名發表
欄目更新
欄目熱門